Writing Marathon 

When the sun is peaking through patchy clouds and the wind gives a light breeze, just enough to cool me off for a couple seconds, is the perfect day to explore the farm. The sun is hot, but the breeze is cold. The enormous trees create shade for the short walk to the barn. Looking to the left there is the bean field, just starting to sprout green. To the right, there’s alphalfa, itchy to run through, but beautifully surround the old windmill that’s been there since my great grandpa was a little boy. Once you reach the barn, you’ll see the red paint scratched and old. It seems to be starting to slant, but still holding up strong because no storm could tear that down. Looking up, you can see the faded letter of the words “A. L. Kring”; my great great grandpas name. The grass can get kind of long from time to time, but the only things you’ll find in it is lots of grasshoppers. 

To the left of the barn, the cattle pin wraps around behind the barn and is filled with straw and manure. It doesn’t always give off the most pleasant smell. If some cattle are there, it’s most likely the heifers that we want to stay away from the bulls. To the right of the barn, you can still see a small section of the pin, but the path next to it leads to the grazing field where the cattle roam. My grandpa typically leaves a nice path mowed for people to walk through. 

My favorite part is crawling into the barn, it looks like a mess. There’s a lot of wood and old saddles laying in the back corner, and the old stairs are still standing strong. Once you walk up them, you see old feed and seed bags. I lie to open the top door, where my grandpa and mom always told me stories about throwing hay bails over the top. I sit there on the ledge and hang my feet over, breathing in the fresh country air and listening to the soft birds chirp. 

Reading Revelations

Throughout my senior year, I’ve read many books and have been able to reflect on nearly each one. This has helped strengthen both my reading and my writing skills.

Within my reading this year, I was able to use literature to discuss modern issues. I did this through my research paper, “Corrupt, Forgotten, and Underestimated”, by reviewing many articles to find out modern issues within the topic. This took some time to make sure that the information all lined up, but in the end it left me with great understanding and a full research paper.

As I read many books, assignments required me to analyze a text in a way that reveals a deeper meaning. This was accomplished in “Fahrenheit 451 Reflection”. This essay covers a short summary of the book and a reflections that digs into the deeper meaning of the book. I was able to express how I thought of the book, but also explain what it meant to me. Another example I had of this was when I took quotes from Hamlet and put them into my own words to show the true meaning and how it meant to me. I did this in “Hamlet Final Project”. I was also able to discover more about the characters themselves while analyzing the quotes.

Finally, I solidifies personal choice and tastes in reading throughout this year. I did several different reading responses with the different books I read, but some that really show my taste in reading and growth in how I read are “Reading Response #3” and “Reading Challenge Response”. In both of these reviews, I was able to express my own thoughts, but also how the author writes these books, of which I like both.

I have been able to grow with my reading and responses to my reading this year in English 4. I know I have learned how to develop pace by tracking my reading and reading more than I have ever had to for any class. I have also learned how to really look into the text and how an other is writing to understand more about the book and the plot. This year had really helped me look deeper into books and what they can truly mean.

Fahrenheit 451 Reflection

When I think of fire fighters, I think of brave men with bulging muscles and facial hair. I think of men who risk their own lives to save others. Some people may think of them as heroes or protectors. Yet, the book Fahrenheit 451 begins with the quote, “It was a pleasure to burn. It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed.” (Page 1) This personally put a twist on what I thought about the book, right from the start. As far as I know, firefighters don’t start fires just so they can put them out, or enjoy watching things burn to a crisp.

      The book started off a lot slower than I thought it was going to, especially because of the first line. I expected it to be a very upbeat book with action of fires and books. At first, it was shocking how they would burn houses and even keep the people in them, but then I connected it to today’s world. The society tries to conform us all into groups, such as Christians, gays, black or white, and that’s somewhat like their society. The book then took a turn and slowed the pace, which made it hard to stay focused for me. It also was confusing for the first 30 pages or so and that was rough to try and read. After it began to explain Clarisse and why she was so important to this book, it began to make more sense. The quote, “One two three four five six seven days. And as many times he came out of the house and Clarisse was there somewhere in the world. Once he saw her shaking a walnut tree, once he saw her sitting on the lawn knitting a blue sweater, three or four times he found a bouquet of late flowers on his porch, or a handful of chestnuts in a little sick, or some autumn leaves neatly pinned to a sheet of white paper and thumb tacked to his door,” (Page 25) and it really opened my eyes as to why she was featured in this book. She changed Montag’s whole thought process. She showed him that you don’t have to conform to the world, just to try and fit in. You should express yourself and be who you are.

      As for the characters, Clarisse and Montag were the most important characters in my perspective. Clarisse had a large impact on Montag’s life and she is the main reason as to why he had changed. It’s interesting to see him go from someone who was conformed to the society to someone who stored books and went against what was considered to be right and normal.

      I wasn’t exactly pleased with how the book had ended, leaving me surprised that the city had just suddenly gotten no bed. There wasn’t much talk about the war though the book, and then suddenly the whole city had gotten bombed. It was quite a surprise, but maybe that was the way that it was intended to be. Yet, I did enjoy this quote at the end of the book, “Each man had a book he wanted to remember, and I did.” (Page 146) I thought this was significant because he wasn’t afraid to hide the fact that he loved books anymore.

      Overall, I didn’t think the book was too bad, especially because of some other ones that I have had to read on school before. There were a few things I probably would’ve changed, but I really enjoyed reading it overall. It wasn’t too bad of a book!

 

Writing Reflections

In English 4, seniors write several different kinds of papers. This helps people grow now only with their writing skills, but also the editing skills.

I was challenged to write multiple genres and work to master different requirements of different genres. I successfully did this through three different pieces; “LaPaz”, “Solar Storms”, and “Letters To My Mother”. These are each different genres because “LaPaz” is written as a review for a restaurant, “Solar Storms” is written as a reflective essay, and the “Letters To My Mother” are in a letter format. I was able to write in many different styles to still get my point across.

Another thing I was able to do was build skills on how to write in a formal tone and dig into research/text. I wrote a research paper about farming and had to do a lot of research. This show the formal text throughout the paper, especially throughout the history part. I did extensive research to finish this paper and give it a formal tone and successful get my point across, while sounding like I know what I’m talking about.

Along with several writing reflections, in English 4, I developed a scholarly and reflective voice within my writing. I spent class time working on several reading reflections, which helped me develop a reflective tone within essays. One paper I showed this in was “Letters To My Mother”. I was able to show on how my views have changed as I have grown up. This was a different way of writing, but it also helped me keep the paper interesting, while reflecting on how my mom has affected me. 

Overall, my writing has grown immensely throughout my senior year. While creating or finishing some of the pieces above, I was able to fix some past mistakes. Some of these include being descriptive, staying away from passive voice, and getting several sources to make sure my facts are true. I am proud to see how much my writing has grown, especially because I had never wrote a paper over four or five pages.

Community Connections

In English 4, my classmates and I spent a good deal of time talking about our communities. Each person is involved in several different communities and they can have a large role in one’s life.

Throughout this year, each student is challenged to show how a place or community can influence a person. This can take many turns, but I believe I express this through a piece I wrote towards the beginning of the year. This piece, called “The Town That Built Me”, explains how a small town influenced me to be the person that I am today. This completes the challenge because this reflective essay has opened my own eyes about how something that might seem small to someone else, can mean everything to another.

As I see how a community might affect someone, I have also had the opportunity to develop a celebratory and critics, perspective on my community. Another piece I wrote that expresses my community, but in a more critical way, “Journey Through Lincoln”. In their piece, I give my personal view on the Lincoln community, both the good and the bad. Creating your own perspective in your community can help you get out there and explore to learn more about the place you live in or are from.

Continuing on with the community work, as a class, we focused on how to discuss issues in my community. My class spent several weeks working on a research paper. My paper is about agriculture and how America is falling deeper into a farming crisis. Throughout the paper, I shared my knowledge on the topic and how the issues affect my community. I was able to express different view in a formal way and share how different issues can affect my community.

Throughout this year, I’ve grown greatly within my writing. I kept track of some things I didn’t do so well in the past, but did well on some papers and a few of these include transitions, introduction paragraphs, sticking to a structure, and keeping formal. Much of the pieces I talked about above helped me work on these and grow. When I look at papers from the beginning of my senior year to now, I see the growth within my writing.

Looking Back, Looking Forward

Dear Future High Schooler,
          There are some spontaneous, stressful, adventurous, and fun memories you are about to make. Before I started high school, I was always told to pay attention to my grades. As any somewhat average student would, I kept them high, but not as high and I wish I would’ve kept them. As a senior now, I wish I would’ve tried a little harder my freshman and sophomore year. Believe me, those years really do matter. It truly is important to study for those classes that you think will go by with a breeze. It’s less stressful to get a head start on those big assignments. It’s going to feel a lot better if you try your hardest all four years and don’t procrastinate. I know every student will procrastinate at some point, but it’s best to try not to. I’ve also learned that you’re going to feel much better about yourself if you keep the grades you want and get the assignments done on time, if not early. I promise you that all these things matter. 

          Another piece of advice I was always given was to take your time and enjoy high school. I always thought that time went by so slow, but as I am about to walk across a stage and say goodbye to high school, I am still feeling like I was a freshman just yesterday. Always hang on to the good memories and kiss the bad ones goodbye. It’s so important to spend time with your friends and get involved with extracurricular activities. The more involved you are, the more you’re going to love the countless hours spent in one building. The time flies by so remember the games you win, the performances you smash, and the friends you make along the way. Now, I am saying that you should be super involved, but you should also find a balance between time you need to take for school and the extra time you are going to have to hang out with your friends. Take the time to hang out with them and take a break from all the homework and studying, but don’t forget about those huge projects and assignments. 

           As you go throughout high school, you are going to hit some speed bumps. There are going to be times you fall down (both literally and figuratively). Sometimes it’s even going to be really hard to get back up, but it’s so worth it. A bible verse that I always kept in mind and always will is Proverbs 24:16. This verse states “For though the righteous fall seven times, they rise again.” I’ve kept this bible verse in my back pocket with the times of struggle. It is nice to know that no matter how many times you fall down, the good Lord will help you get up every single time. It’s not always encouraging to hear that you are going to hit some rough patches, but I can also tell you that these are going to help you only become stronger and handle similar and different situations in the future. The next blow isn’t going to hit you as hard, and you’re going to know how to handle it. 

          As I spend time thinking at the future, it can be breathtaking or nerve racking, but it’s also is exciting and adventurous. I’m going to be moving out of my home, in with a couple semi-strangers, with a whole new environment. It’s exciting to be able to be out on your own and get a taste of the “real world”, but it’s scary to be leaving everything you have been used to for at least the past four years. As I’m leaving, I will carry my faith with me as it has been greatly strengthen throughout high school. This has grown so important to me as I’ve already found a church by my college. Another thing I plan to take is hopeful my own advice that I had learned. I hope to just experience college and spend time with my new friends, but also study hard so I can reach the goals I have placed ahead of me. 

          Overall, high school is an unforgettable experience and it’s worth the four years. Take your time and process everything. Spend time with your family and friends and make lots of memories. After all, you might miss to someday. 

Love,

Jordyn Popple 

Reading Response 3

As I am coming to the close of my book, Far Far Away by Tom McNeal much of the puzzle pieces are coming together. McNeal writes in such a way that a lot of the tiny details to matter in the book. For example, Ginger, the main girl character, met Jeremy Johnson Johnson, the main male character, as they were eating cake at the bakery. McNeal made this scene seem like a drag at first, but then you realize that this was the very moment that Ginger became interested in Jeremy. Before Jeremy was hanging out with Ginger, he didn’t do much but study for classes to make sure he can go to a good college that is very far away from this town. Now that they are well friends, she got Jeremy to help pull a prank on the town baker, she snuck into his room and “accidentally” spent the night, and they become the talk of the town. 

This took me by surprise as in the beginning of the book McNeal made Jeremy out to be a guy who lived in his attic surrounded by fairy tails that his mother left behind. Jeremy also was known as the town weirdo because he claimed to be able to hear ghosts, specifically Jacob Grimm, the narrator of this novel. Jacob actually helped Jeremy study for his classes. Once Jeremy began to hang out with Ginger, the Author made sure to show the change. Jeremy got involved with the town, maybe even stirring up some chaos. 

McNeal gave this novel a twist by intermixing real life situations with fantasy. By having a ghost narrarate the story, it gave a great twist and keeping it very different from anything I have ever read before. This novel shows that the idea of a “happily ever after” may not always be the case for fairy tales or reality. 

Reading Challenge Responce 2

As I came to a close of my first book, I started Far Far Away by Tom McNeal. I am not incredibly far into this book, and am still confused on some different aspects, but I overall think I am beginning to understand what the author is doing. 

This book is narrated by a ghost, Jacob, and he hangs around a boy names Jeremy, who lives in a small town where nothing really happens. Jacob continues to say “the studies, Jeremy. The studies, the studies, the studies.” (pg. 27) Although I have no idea what this means, I can tell that the author is trying to hint at something (obviously) and it brings out a good way to lead readers, much like myself, on. I am the type of person who loves books that pull the reader in and make it really hard to put the book down, and the author does this by leaving little hooks around the book. This leaves me waiting for them all to tie together. In the beginning, the novel can actually seem quite confusing. It can have several people talking at one time, and then all of a sudden a ghost is talking, but only one person there can hear him. This took a while for me to catch on, but I eventually got the hang of it. 

McNeal has a distinct way of showing that nothing exciting or fun happens in this town. He gives you almost the dark and gloomy feeling as your reading. He has yet to describe the town into great detail, but I still feel like I can picture it as if everyone is rolling through the motions of their every day lives. 

Overall, this book is continuing to hook me in more and more, but I have yet to have some dirty water cleared up. I believe the author is trying to show a different side to the world, as if there is more than just us humans out here, as if there are ghosts by our sides and certain people are able to see them.

Reading Challenge Response

I have decided to read 13 Reasons Why by Jay Asher. This book is structurally built around the characters and their development. It happens to be a simple read, easy to get pages in a short amount of time, but it’s also content heavy in specific sections. There aren’t any huge vocabulary words that any average person wouldn’t be able to understand, making it easy to go from line to line with ease. I do have to admit, there are some spots where I had paused in order to take in what I had just read, due to the severity of the topic. This book is also very good at really hooking you in and making it terribly hard to set down. Personally, I am a sucker for books like this. If I am so hooked in that I don’t want to ever stop reading, then I am bound to continue to read until I get to a spot I can comfortable stop at, of which I’m not sure if there are many, if any, points in this book where you can successfully do that. 

Overall, since the book is based on characters, there are several of them. 14 main ones to be exact. Within the first page of the book, Hannah, the one who recorded the tapes in this book, states the plot. She says through Clay’s old stereo in his garage, “I hope you’re ready, because I’m about to tell you the story of my life. More specifically, why my life ended. And if you’re listening to these tapes, you’re one the reasons why.” This quote can almost leave you breathless, or give you chills, realizing the book you are about to get into. This novel revolves around Clay, the narrator, listening to the tapes left behind from the girl who killed herself just days before. She’s goes into the depths of the horrors she was put through and explains who did what, leading to her miserable thoughts and actions. 

The book covers the experiences someone might go through in high school, although most are unlikely, but could happen to several. This happens to be strongly emotional and graphic, at times, which would leave me recommending this book to someone who has a sensitive side, not completely cold-hearted. 

Corrupt, Forgotten, and Underestimated

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Waking up before the crack of dawn and resting their exhausted body onto a bed long after sundown is the underestimated life of an agricultural worker. During calving season, a rancher is waking at least every three hours in order to check on the heifers, the mother cows, and the newborns. During harvest seasons, farmers have a specific time zone to get all the crops harvested leaving them in the fields far after the sun has set and days away from their own family and friends. The agricultural fields require more than expected. 
Farming has been alive since the beginning and has changed significantly with different opportunities and techniques. It has also changed over the past decades, issuing corrupt and nonfunctional ways of life, but leaving room for correction and a turn around. 

To find the sources of error and strength, it begins in the past. Farming has changed greatly over the years. Early farmers didn’t use many tools to help them. They poked holes in the ground with sticks to plant seeds in, pulled weeds by hand, and harvested without the aId of machines. Men did most of the plowing and harvesting, while women did the weeding in between. Farming had a tendency to get people into debt, which caused a lot of arguments. During the 18th century, farming was gradually transformed by an agricultural revolution. Until 1701, seed was sown by hand and in that year a man by the name of Jethro Tull invented a seed drill, which sows seed in straight lines. He also invented a horse drawn hoe which hoes the land and destroys weed between rows of crops.

Furthermore, until the 18th century most livestock was slaughtered at the beginning of winter because farmers could not grow enough food to feed their animals through the winter months. This was a major problem because a farmers first defense is to feed his family, which would then leave his livestock to starve. Also in the 18th century, farmers like Robert Bakewell, a British agriculturalist now recognized as one of the most important figures in the British Agricultural Revolution, began scientific stock breeding, or selective breeding. Selective breeding is the process by which humans use animal and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits or characteristics by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Due to this new idea, farm animals grew much larger and gave more meat, wool, and milk. 

After the 18th century, agriculture continued to change and mature, especially with the use of railroads and ships for trade. With these advancements, American farmers could now move their grain to ports and it could be shipped to Britain. Cheap American grain helped ordinary people in the towns, but it meant a depression in British farming. The British suffered from this because Americans were selling their produce for less, even through trade, causing Britains to buy American products rather than their locals. In the 19th century, two agriculturists, Justus von Liebig and John Lawes introduced new fertilizers. Farmers also began using clay pipes to drain their fields. This was a big year for inventing as John Deere invented a steel plow, and John Fowler invented a steam plow. This helped advance farming greatly because farmers were no longer working with their hands, but rather in machinery. 

In the 20th century, farming became mechanized. “Over 150 years ago… [the Great Plains] underwent a near-complete conversion to plowed fields – low precipitation and regional soil characteristics prevented farmers from cropping more than 90 percent of land in the east and 25 percent in the west, an average of 50 percent overall” (Parton, Gutmann, and Ojima 739). This quote is saying that during this time, the land went under changes in style and types of farming. These changes included each farm owning tractors, combines, harvesters, and machines to milk cattle. Around the 20th century, more farmers decided to use crop rotation and took it very seriously. This is the process of moving crops to a different field after a period of time in order to keep the natural organic soil healthy. In the earlier 20th century, tractors gradually replaced horses and milking machines became common from the 1940s to the 1960s. 

By the 1950s, combine harvesters became common. These are machines that cut, thresh, and clean a grain crop in one operation. Metro countries, those with populations of 50,000 or more, also began to develop and bring in more business than usual. Although, due to overuse and improper ways of farming, “metro countries lost 25 percent of their total farmland from 1959 to 1997, with more than 90 percent of this farmland loss coming from rangeland” (Parton, Gutmann, and Ojima 739). Later on, much of the land was able to be refurbished and used for farming once again. Due to this land being fixed and helped, it proves that corrupt ideals of today could be fixed for the better. 

In the past, farming may not have always been corrupt, but new ideas and technology have created problems for farmers today. One corrupt idea that’s brought to attention is taxes. In order to understand taxes and how they affect farmers, an understanding of the various taxes and how they are assessed is useful. Real property taxes are levied, or imposed, by local governments on land and all improvements attached to the land. Personal property taxes are levied on capital assets not attached to the land, such as machinery, livestock, and vehicles.

Farmers want to know if they are being “fairly” treated in their state compared to farmers in neighboring states. Farm taxes are divided into two categories. Those levied on farm inputs, and those based on income. Input taxes include taxes on real and personal property, sales and excise, and other specialty taxes. While income taxes include federal income and self-employment taxes as well as state income taxes. 

The government gets large amounts of money from farms alone. Gregory M. Perry and Clair J. Nixon received information from the government themselves and described this by stating, “by 1980, sales and excise taxes were the largest single source of tax revenue for state and local governments” (Qtd by U.S. Department of Commerce 1995b). 

According to Gregory M. Perry and Clair J. Nixon, “sales taxes are levied on a variety of items used in farming, including building materials, equipment, repair parts, and tools” (Perry and Nixon 42). There was a 4.6 percent growth of total gross farm revenue in 1994. Statistics show that “real property taxes on land, the major capital input in agriculture, represent the largest category of taxes levied on farm operations, generating just over $6 billion in tax revenues in 1994” (Mcdonald 122). However, sales taxes were also significant, generating $1 billion to $1.3 billion in tax revenue (the income that is gained by governments through taxation). In addition, payroll taxes cost farmers almost $1 billion. In 1994, a total of 43.54 percent of governmental taxes comes from property tax of farmers. 

Corrupt and over expensive taxes play a large role in making farming difficult, although, yielding can also have an affect. Crop yields are an essential aspect of every farmer’s day, impacting how profitable their farmland can be. Crop yielding is the key to maintaining the long term sustainability of their farm. Farmers want to ensure that they are maximizing their space and the land they have worked to cultivate. 

Though not all problematic ideals are chosen, the amount of work and hours that farmers put in is over the top, especially during seasons like harvest, calving, and planting. A farmer averages 44.6 hours worked per week, yet the average pay is $40,043 annually or $12.65 per hour. The average American makes $81,400 per year or $24.17 per hour, working around 40 hours a week. This leaves farmers with nearly half of the pay. 

As of 1966, federal law requires employers on large farms to pay minimum wage if a worker doesn’t earn it based on the piece rate. Unfortunately, there are loopholes to this system. For example, about one-third of the nation’s farm workers are on small farms, and these are not subject to federal law surrounding minimum wage. If a farm worker is hired through crew leaders or farm labor contractors, which approximately one half of all farm workers are, then their growers can avoid state and federal-level employment laws, including minimum wage. Another common issue amongst farm workers is wage theft, in which a portion of a worker’s wage is stolen by their employer or supervisor. 

Farm worker unemployment rates are double those of all wage and salary workers according to the 2008 NAWS, as agricultural work by nature provides virtually no job security (“Agricultural Safety”). Job Security is an assurance that an individual will keep his or her job without the risk of becoming unemployed. They will have continuity in employment and it may be from the terms of a contract of employment, collective bargaining agreement, or labor legislation that prevents arbitrary termination. 

In addition to low wages and no job security, farm workers lack benefits that labor laws guarantee to workers in other industries. For instance, farm workers do not receive overtime pay, nor do they get sick days, personal days, or maternity leaves. History has been grim for farm workers’ wages. Rather than increasing over time, farm worker wages have actually declined by more than 20 percent in the past 20 years after accounting for inflation (“Labor Laws”). 

Contradictorily, there is some hope for improvement. Despite living in poverty and lacking enforcement of the laws that do exist, farm workers are organizing to improve these conditions. Some different organizations are The Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW), The United Farm Workers, AgJOBS, and Center for Rural Affairs (“Center for Rural Affairs”).

In order for the organizations to have something to go against, there must be some laws and rules. One of which is The National Labor Relations Act. This was passed in 1935. It forbids employers from firing a worker for joining, organizing, or supporting a labor union. It also establishes a structure for unions and employers to engage in collective bargaining. This excludes farm workers though, leaving a loophole (Thompson 271). Another act or law is The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), enacted in 1938. This guarantees a minimum wage for each hour worked and requires overtime pay to most employees. Those working more than 40 hours in a week must be paid one and a half time their regular rate of pay for each hour exceeding 40. FLSA fully excluded farm workers until 1966, and to this day it continues to exclude them in significant ways; farm workers have no right to overtime pay, workers on small farms are not entitled to receive minimum wage, and children as young as twelve are legally allowed to work in the fields (Thompson 272). This are two common laws that are over passed and easily create loopholes and problems within the farming economy. 

As for how farming would even relate to myself or bring me any interest whatsoever, much of my family owns farms. My brother-in-law, grandfather Kring, grandfather Popple, and uncle Jon all have farms of their own that I’ve been able to help on and hear about all my life. My family is very proud of their farms and would do anything to keep them afloat. They feel so strong about this because to them, it’s a lifestyle.

As for my grandfather Kring, he has had this farm since his great grandfather was working on it. This farm belongs in the family and plans to stay. He never fails to tell a farming story each and every time grandchildren come to visit him. One story he shares over and over again is when he stayed up for 74 hours straight because two of his heifers, mother calves whom had never gave birth before, were having twins. He had to stay up making sure each and every one of his cattle were strong and healthy. He loves to share his admiration for the land and livestock he has put some much work into. 

His pride of all the hard work is the feeling that most farmers get on their own farms. Although some things have changed since he was last in the fields, but his love for the life has never differed. He is not the only one proud of those fields and animals you see along the highways or in the middle of nowhere. Like stated before, agriculture isn’t a job, it’s a lifestyle. 

 Farmers provide an indispensable service, yet their jobs are some of the most dangerous and least adequately compensated in the country. The past shows the ways how things have changed, and where corruptions have entered the field. Taxes and yielding are some ways that farming has taken a turn for the worst, leaving some ideas unjust or unfair. Some farming ate constantly getting looked over or getting shortened from loopholes found in the systems. Although there is still much room for improvement, organizations and companies are trying to fix what has been broken. Altogether, farming has changed over the past decades, leaving corrupt and nonfunctional ways of life, but leaving room for correction and a turn around. 

Works Cited

“Agricultural Safety.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 June 2015. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

“Center for Rural Affairs.” Center for Rural Affairs. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar.

2017. “Grain, Farm Supply Sectors Lead Way as Ag Co-Ops Set Sales, Income Records.” Rural Cooperatives, vol. 80, no. 5, Sep/Oct2013, p. 4. EBSCOhost, Mar. 2017

“Labor Laws” National Farm Worker Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2017.

Parton, William J., et al. “Long-Term Trends in Population, Farm Income, and 

Crop Production in the Great Plains.” Bioscience, vol. 57, no. 9, Oct. 2007, p. 737. EBSCOhost, Mar. 2017

Perry, Gregory M., and Clair J. Nixon. “How Much Do Farmers Pay in Taxes?”

N.p., 2002. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Mcdonald, Stephen L. “Farm Outmigration as an Integrative Adjustment to 

Economic Growth. “Social Forces, vol. 34, no. 2, Dec. 1955, p. 119. EBSCOhost, Mar. 2017

Thompson, Edgar T. “Purpose and Tradition in Southern Rural Society: A Point 

of View for Research.” Social Forces, vol. 25, no. 3, Mar. 1947, p. 270. EBSCOhost, Mar. 2017